Amendment V. Rights of PersonsI say less about the amendment s that have been the subject of a great deal of litigation. There is just too much information available to do justice to a few choice comments.
No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.
This amendment prohibits double jeopardy and prohibits the deprivation of life, liberty of property without due process of law. Due process means both a fair procedure and fairness in substance. Of course their can be no taking of property for a "public use" without just compensation.